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  • Writer's pictureCoach AP

Unlocking Your Squat Potential: The Crucial Role of Ankle Mobility

When it comes to building a strong, powerful lower body, the back squat is a fundamental exercise that should not be overlooked. Whether you're an athlete, a fitness enthusiast, or simply someone looking to improve their overall strength, mastering the back squat can yield remarkable benefits. However, there is one often-neglected aspect that can greatly influence your squatting performance: ankle mobility. In this article, we will explore the significance of ankle mobility in back squats and discover how it can enhance your overall squatting mechanics and prevent potential injuries.

Ankle mobility refers to the range of motion and flexibility in the ankle joint. It plays a crucial role in executing movements that require flexion and extension of the ankle, such as squatting. Adequate ankle mobility allows your knees to move forward while maintaining a stable base, enabling proper depth and balance during the squat.

Importance of Ankle Mobility in Back Squats

  1. Achieving proper depth: Ankle mobility is directly related to your ability to achieve aqeduate squat depth. Limited ankle mobility can restrict the amount of forward knee travel necessary to achieve parallel or below parallel depth. This restriction often leads to compensations, such as excessive forward lean or lifting the heels off the ground, which can compromise your form and increase the risk of injury.

  2. Maintaining a stable base: Ankle mobility plays a vital role in maintaining a stable base of support during back squats. Insufficient mobility can result in excessive pronation or supination of the foot, leading to poor weight distribution and reduced stability. This instability not only affects your ability to lift heavier loads but also increases the chances of falls or injuries.

  3. Improving squat mechanics: Optimal ankle mobility contributes to proper squat mechanics by allowing the knees to track in line with the toes. When ankle mobility is limited, the knees tend to cave inward (valgus collapse), which places excessive stress on the knee joint and surrounding structures. By enhancing ankle mobility, you can ensure proper alignment and distribute the load more evenly throughout the lower body, reducing the risk of knee injuries.

  4. Enhancing power output: Ankle mobility affects your ability to generate force and power during the back squat. Insufficient mobility limits the capacity to drive through the heels effectively, transferring force into the ground and propelling you upward. With improved ankle mobility, you can fully engage the posterior chain, including the glutes and hamstrings, resulting in increased power production and overall squat performance.

Fortunately, there are several effective strategies to improve ankle mobility and reap the benefits it offers:

  1. Ankle mobility exercises: Incorporate exercises such as calf stretches, ankle dorsiflexion mobilizations, and ankle circles into your warm-up routine. These exercises help to mobilize and stretch the ankle joint, increasing its range of motion over time.

  2. Soft tissue work: Utilize tools like foam rollers or massage balls to release tension in the calves and Achilles tendon. This will help to alleviate any tightness or restrictions that may hinder ankle mobility.

  3. Weightlifting shoes or heel lifts: If mobilization interventions are ineffective, consider using weightlifting shoes or heel lifts when performing back squats. These elevate the heels slightly, reducing the demand for ankle mobility by creating a more favorable squatting position.

  4. Seek professional guidance: Consult with a qualified fitness professional or physical therapist who can assess your ankle mobility and provide personalized exercises and interventions to address any limitations or imbalances.


Don't underestimate the impact of ankle mobility on your back squat performance. Improving ankle mobility enhances your ability to achieve proper depth, maintain stability, and execute efficient squat mechanics. By incorporating ankle mobility exercises into your training routine and addressing any limitations or imbalances, you can unlock your potential and maximize the benefits of back squats.

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